The EuroBioRef basic concept uses a new flexible approach to combine "virtual integration" with proximity to both feedstock sources and product markets:

• The variety of available biomass feedstock matched with a variety of pre-processing options to pretreat feedstock into viable pre-products, which are subject to logistical optimisation;

• The variety of markets for bio-based products matched with a variety of integration options to combine several conversion modules with pretreated feedstock availability, thus avoiding excessive transport needs for both inputs and outputs;

• The flexibility of conversion routes, which enables integration of key modules with existing facilities to reduce investment risks;

• Proximity to both adapted feedstock and expected markets, which can be combined with the integration into existing or specifically adapted facilities, selecting adequate sites through system analysis.

Concept & innovation